Once sugars (carbohydrates) are introduced into the bloodstream, a hormone produced by the pancreas, known as insulin, is released. Normally, each cell contains a series of insulin receptors, which when operating on a healthy level, absorbs glucose (the main type of sugar in the blood) and turns it into everyday energy. But with someone who has diabetes, the body cannot make or properly respond to insulin.
1) Type 1 Diabetes – In this situation, the body does not produce insulin as a result of autoimmune destruction of insulin producing beta cells, which are found throughout the pancreas. Other names for this condition include insulin diabetes, juvenile diabetes, and early-onset diabetes. Although not as common as type 2, individuals with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. In order to ensure proper glucose levels are met, regular routine shots, careful monitoring through blood tests, and an emphasis on diet are important factors in maintaining optimal health.
2) Type 2 Diabetes – Even though people with type 2 diabetes produce insulin, their bodies lose the ability to properly use it (insulin resistance). Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent-diabetes, type 2 diabetes represents ninety percent of all cases of diabetes worldwide. Once blood sugar levels begin to rise, the body responds by creating even more insulin, and eventually, it wears itself out. Although not as severe, people with type 2 diabetes still need to control their weight, exercise, incorporate a low carbohydrate diet, and take regular notice of fluctuations in blood glucose levels.
3) Gestational Diabetes – Unlike the other forms of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects females during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes, which can often times be discovered during routine check-ups during weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy, has the ability to cause abnormal glucose levels. If the condition is not taken seriously, the baby will absorb the extra blood sugar and store it as fat. Premature birth, breathing problems, and abnormal growth are all possible outcomes of gestational diabetes.
Blood glucose tests measure how much sugar is in your blood. After a complete evaluation takes place, and if you are considered at risk, a series of blood glucose tests will be ordered. A glucose tolerance test, otherwise known as (OGTT), uses a standard dose of glucose and blood levels are checked three hours later. Since you need to be fasting prior to the test, it is best to schedule the test in the morning time. If your results come back positive, a diet guide, supplement program, and specific lifestyle recommendations will be suggested.