Whenever one of life’s challenges or expectations unexpectedly rears its head, an emotional response is elicited. Depending on the severity and type, depression may cause a lack of interest, behavioral imbalances, and probabilities of physical harm. Besides feeling blue, individuals with depression may find it difficult to follow through with day-to-day tasks, hence the lack of confidence, personal withdrawal, and relationship issues.
Major depressive disorder – When addressing major disorder, individuals experience difficulties with sleep, work, eating, and enjoyment in usually pleasurable activities. Even though some people only experience one episode, others may have many recurrences.
Psychotic depression – With psychotic depression, individuals experience severe withdrawal, which is accompanied by thoughts of delusion and bouts of hallucination.
Dysthymic disorder – Although not as severe as major, dysthymic disorder can last much longer, and it is not as obstructive. Dysthymia can also become associated with other symptoms as well.
Postpartum depression (PND)– Not to be confused with the baby blues, postpartum depression is associated with a major depressive disorder that hits after the first week of birth.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) – As individuals spend less time in the sun due to general location, profession, and schedule, they may experience seasonal affective disorder. In certain countries with shorter summers, light therapy has been an effective combat tool.
Bipolar disorder – Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, defines an individual who experiences extreme highs and extreme lows, which are referred to as manias.